- Seasonal Services
Quality Firewood Available
While Mulch Express USA is best known for our quality mulch products, we are increasingly becoming well known for our firewood as well.
Our firewood consists of a mix of hardwoods that are indigenous to the tri state areas.
We offer face-cord /cord quantities of mixed hardwood firewood from our lot for customer delivery. A face cord measures 4 feet high by 8 feet long and will generally fill a regular size pickup to the top of a standard size bed when thrown in loosely. Our firewood is cut to 18" lengths (shorter pieces may be mixed in) and is dry-seasoned on our lot. Please call for further information.
We will ship to deliver multi-cord quantities. This will mainly consist of mixed hardwoods. Shipment quantity will depend on state weight limitations and trailer size.
About our firewood
We season our wood in 20 foot log lengths for at least a year. We then cut and split the wood a few months before you receive it. It sits and further seasons in a large pile. Because the wood is recently split and we may be pulling from the center of the pile that day we recommend the following:
Stack the wood in a sunny, dry location as soon as possible, stacked wood dries much faster than piled wood
From the time you stack the wood allow 1 to 4 weeks for the wood to completely dry out and be ready to burn. Although, a lot of the wood is usually ready to burn upon delivery. It really depends on the species of wood.
Put a tarp on the top quarter of the wood only. Do not cover the wood completely, to allow for air flow.
During the winter months, bring the wood indoors one week prior to burning.
We sell only clean local hardwoods. Ash, Oak, Maple, Locust, Cherry, Walnut, Beech, Birch and Hickory are the most common. No soft woods such as pine, tulip or sumac, unless upon request. We do not sell wood with rot or insect damage.
Types of wood
A standard cord is 128 cubic feet (Figure 1). This may be 4 feet by 4 feet by 8 feet or 4 feet by 2 feet by 16 feet or any other combination yielding 128 cubic feet.
Equivalent heat of other fuels compared to a cord of air-dried wood (80 cubic feet of solid wood content at 20-percent moisture) based on a heating-unit efficiency of 100 percent.
|Wood1||Available Heat per cord in million BTU||No. 2 Fuel oil2||Anthracite3coal||Natural4 gas||LP5 gas||Electric6 heat|
|Gallons needed to equal cord||Tons needed to equal cord||100 cubic feet needed to equal cord||Gallons needed to equal cord||Kilowatt hrs. needed to equal cord|
- Wood available heat at 20 percent moisture 7,000 Btu per pound (128 cubic feet with 80 cubic feet wood volume).
- No. 2 fuel oil available heat 140,000 Btu per gallon.
- Anthracite coal available heat 12,000 Btu per pound.
- Natural gas available heat 1,000 Btu per cubic foot.
- LP gas available heat 91,000 Btu per gallon.
- Electricity available heat 3,400 Btu per kilowatt hour.
- How much wood is a cord?
A cord is defined as a well stacked volume of wood that measures 4 feet high by 4 feet wide by 8 feet long. This amounts to 128 cubic feet of firewood (4 X 4 X 8 = 128). A cord can be stacked using any dimensions as long as the total volume equals 128 cu. ft. For example, a stack of wood that is 2 feet wide by 2 feet high by 32 feet long will also equal 1 cord (2 X 2 X 32 =128). Wood should only be bought by the cord, fraction of cords, or by the cubic foot. It should never be bought by the rick or tier, since the actual volume may vary from dealer to dealer. It should be bought by the pickup load only if the volume measurement of the pickup bed is known. By the way, a randomly piled load of wood on a standard sized pickup (8 feet long) is approximately one-half cord. Many fly by night dealers have been claiming this to be a full cord and selling it to the unsuspecting public! The best way to prevent this is to only buy from a reputable dealer. Well stacked means that there are no large air spaces that could have been filled by wood pieces or there is no cross stacking (stacking in a different direction on every level). At Mulch Express USA we guarantee that you get the full measure of wood that you have bought.
- What does seasoned mean?
The term seasoned, when applied to firewood, really has no specific definition. In general terms, firewood that has completed the drying process and is not losing any more moisture is considered seasoned. Some people define seasoned wood as that which has been cut for at least a year. For the average consumer, it is difficult to tell if a piece of wood is seasoned. A good technique is to look for checking (small cracks that appear on the cut side of the wood.). This is not a reliable method since the wood may be checked but can still contain significant moisture and will not burn well.
- How does moisture affect burning quality?
Any piece of wood, whether seasoned or green, can be made to burn if enough heat is applied to it. However, much of the heat contained in the wood is lost if the moisture content is too high. As an example, a cord of black oak that is wet (green) will only provide about ¾ of the heat that a cord of well seasoned wood gives. This is because some of the heat that otherwise would have been released is used to drive off the water in the wood. Most water must be removed from wood before it will burn well. The result of burning wet wood is low heat output, too much smoke, and difficulty in starting a fire. When heating with wood, only material that has been cut and split for at least 6 months should be used. Actual seasoning time will vary with the wood species.
- What type of wood is best for fireplaces and inserts?
For home heating, firewood should be compared by energy content per cord. This is usually expressed in BTU's (British Thermal Units) per cord. A firewood type that is higher in BTU content will have more heat available per cord. It is important to note that all firewood has about the same energy content per pound. However, since the density (volume per pound) will vary greatly depending on the species, the energy content will also have a wide variation. In other words, if you have two sticks of wood of about the same size (equal in volume) and same moisture content and one is heavier than the other, the heavier stick will release more heat when burned. It's as simple as that..
- What is the difference between kiln dried and seasoned firewood?
Kiln dried wood is wood that is dried in an industrial kiln. The process dries the wood completely, kills any insects that may have been living in the wood, and produces great looking firewood that is extremely easy to light and keep burning. The other method of drying wood is to naturally season the wood over the course of six to twelve months by splitting the wood and allowing it to gradually dry outdoors in the sun, wind, heat and rain. Both processes, correctly done, produce premium firewood.
- How do I light a fire?
First, crumple up about eight sheets of newspaper and stuff them under your fireplace grate or between your andirons. Next, place four or so pieces of fatwood or other kindling spaced about 1 inch apart on top of the grate or newspaper if using andirons. Then place three or more smaller sized pieces of firewood on top of the fatwood or other kindling. Now light the newspaper in a couple of places and let burn for 3-5 minutes until the fire is burning well. Then add several more larger pieces of wood, being sure to keep a nice air space between the logs. As the fire burns down, add extra logs two or more at a time.
- How long do we season our wood?
Research by the U.S. Department of Forestry demonstrates that most woods – split and stacked outdoors in the sun and wind – season completely in six to eight months. Some woods, such as red oak, may take a year or more to be fully seasoned. We confirm the dryness of our wood with the use of a moisture meter which precisely measures the moisture content of the wood. Wood is generally considered seasoned if its moisture content is 20% or less.
- How can you tell if your wood is dry and ready to burn?
A moisture meter will accurately measure the moisture content of your wood. You can roughly check the dryness of your wood without a moisture meter by knocking two sticks together. If you hear a sharp sound, the wood is probably dry. If you hear a dull thud, the wood is not fully seasoned. Cracking and checking on the edges of a stick of firewood also indicates that the wood is seasoned and dry.
- How should I store my wood?
Firewood that is dry and seasoned can be stored indoors or outdoors, preferably on a rack to stack the wood neatly and prevent the pile from falling over. If you are storing wood outdoors, it is best to cover the top part of the pile with a tarp to keep it dry. For the most part, it is not advisable to store wet, unseasoned wood inside because of the problems dealing with all the moisture in the form of water vapor that will be released from the wood as it is drying.